Izindaba Zemboni

I-EV Platform Market (Ingxenye: Chassis, Battery, Suspension System, Steering System, Drivetrain, Vehicle Interior, and Others; Electric Vehicle Type: Hybrid Electric Vehicle and Battery Electric Vehicle; Sales Channel: OEM and Aftermarket; Vehicle Type: Hatchback, Sedan, Izimoto Zokusetshenziswa, Nezabanye; nePlatform: I-P0, i-P1, i-P2, i-P3, ne-P4) - Ukuhlaziywa Kwemboni Yomhlaba Wonke, Usayizi, Ukwabelana, Ukukhula, Amathrendi, Nesibikezelo, 2020 - 2030

Ukuqinisa Imithetho Yezemvelo kanye Nesidingo Esikhulayo Sezimoto Zikagesi Ukukhulisa Ukukhula Kwemakethe
Ngenxa yentuthuko yezobuchwepheshe ehlaba umxhwele nokuguquguquka komhlaba olawulayo, umkhakha wezimoto womhlaba wonke ubone izinguquko ezinkulu emashumini eminyaka adlule. Njengamanje, umkhakha wezimoto wamanje emhlabeni wonke uya ngokuya phambili ekusimeni nasekusaseni eliluhlaza, lapho ama-OEM kanye nabanye ababambiqhaza baphoqeleka ukuthi batshale imali kubuchwepheshe obusha kanye nezinto ezintsha ezihambisana nezimo zokulawula eziguqukayo. Kule minyaka eyishumi edlule, izimoto zikagesi zithole ukuthandwa okukhulu emhlabeni jikelele. Yize ukuqwashiswa okuphathelene nezimoto ezisebenza ngogesi kuqhubeka nokukhula emhlabeni jikelele, ngakho, ukuthengiswa komhlaba wonke kwezimoto zikagesi kuyaqhubeka nokuhamba ngomgwaqo obheke phezulu- into okulindeleke ukuthi ikhulise ukukhula kwemakethe yesikhulumi se-EV yomhlaba.
Isidingo sezimoto zikagesi yinto ehamba phambili ekulindeleke ukuthi ishayele imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV emhlabeni wonke ngesikhathi sokuhlola. Izinkampani ezisebenza emakethe yamanje yesikhulumi se-EV ziya ngokuya zigxila ekunikezeni amapulatifomu e-EV angabizi futhi asebenze kahle kumakhasimende azo, nokuvala igebe lezindleko phakathi kwezinjini zezimoto zikagesi nezinjini zangaphakathi zomlilo (ICEs). Abadlali abaningana abasezingeni eliphezulu emakethe nabo kulindeleke ukuthi baqalise amapulatifomu e-EV amasha eminyakeni eyishumi ezayo- into engasiza ukukhula kwemakethe yesikhulumi se-EV yomhlaba ngesikhathi sokubikezela.
Ngemuva kwalezi zinto, imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV kulindeleke ukuthi idlule uphawu lwe-US $ 97.3 Bn ekupheleni kuka-2030.

Abadlali Bezimakethe Bagxila Ekuvaleni Izindleko Zezikhala phakathi kwe-ICE kanye Nezinjini Zikagesi
Yize ukufunwa kwezimoto ezisebenza ngogesi kubonile ukukhula okungaguquguquki eminyakeni embalwa edlule, idlanzana lama-OEM lenza inzuzo enkulu ngokuthengisa izimoto zikagesi. Igebe lezindleko elibanzi phakathi kwezinjini zikagesi kanye nama-ICE yisici esikhulu esilindelwe ukushayela izinto ezintsha nokuvula indlela yamamodeli wesikhulumi se-EV angabizi maduze. Izindleko eziphezulu zamabhethri kagesi ngesinye sezizathu ezibalulekile zokuthi kungani izimoto zikagesi zithengiswa ngentengo ephakeme kunaleyo ye-hybrid noma izimoto ezisebenza ekwakhiweni kwezimoto ze-ICE. Ngenxa yalokhu, abadlali abaningana abasebenza emakethe yesikhulumi se-EV bafuna izindlela ezintsha zokunxephezela lezi zindleko ngokugxila ekwakhiweni kwe-EV kwipulatifomu elingashisi nelingamamodeli. Ngenkathi ama-OEM amaningi esanda ukutshala imali ekwakhiweni kwamapulatifomu e-EV akhelwe inhloso yokwenza izimoto zikagesi, ezinye zithembele kakhulu ekwakhiweni kwezimoto ze-ICE ekukhiqizeni izimoto zikagesi. Emizameni yabo yokwenza ukukhiqizwa kwezimoto zikagesi kube nenzuzo, abadlali bezimakethe baya ngokuya bahlola imiqondo ehlukene, kufaka phakathi imigqa yokuhlangana elula.

Abadlali Bemakethe Bagxila Ekuqaliseni Izingxenyekazi Ezintsha ze-EV Ukuzuza Umqhudelwano Wokuncintisana
Ukufakaza ngesidingo esikhulayo sezimoto ezisebenza ngogesi nokulindela ukungena kwezimoto ezisebenza ngogesi ngokuzayo, izinkampani eziningana njengamanje zithambekele ekwethuleni amapulatifomu amasha e-EV ukuthola umncintiswano wokuncintisana esimweni samanje semakethe. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngenkathi izinkampani ezisezingeni eliphakeme zanda ngokutshala imali ekukhiqizeni amapulatifomu e-EV, iziqalo eziningana zingene emakethe yesikhulumi se-EV yomhlaba, futhi zakha ubudlelwano bamasu nabanye abadlali bezimakethe ukusungula ubukhona bazo emakethe ye-EV yokuncintisana kakhulu. Isibonelo, i-REE Automotive, isiqalo sakwa-Israyeli singene kubambiswano neKYB Corporation yaseJapan ukwethula ukumiswa kwamapulatifomu ezimoto ezizayo zikagesi. I-KYB Corporation kulindeleke ukuthi inikeze umugqa wayo wezinhlelo zokumisa ezingasebenzi futhi ezisebenzayo zesikhulumi se-EV se-REE.
Ngaphezu kwalokho, ama-OEM amaningi aholayo aya ngokuya agxile ekwakheni amapulatifomu e-EV azinikele ukusungula ubukhona obuqinile emakethe. Isibonelo, ngoFebhuwari 2019, abakwaHyundai bamemezela ukuthi inkampani kungenzeka ikhiqize ipulatifomu ezinikele yemoto kagesi ezosetshenziswa ikakhulukazi yizimoto ezintsha zikagesi ezikhiqizwa yinkampani.

Ukufunwa Kwamapulatifomu e-EV kwehla ngo-2020 phakathi kobhubhane lwe-COVID-19
Umkhakha wezimoto zomhlaba jikelele uhlangabezane nezingqinamba ezinkulu ngowezi-2020 ngenxa yokugqashuka kwesifo senoveli i-COVID-19. Ukuqala kobhadane lwe-COVID-19 kususe ukukhula kwemakethe yesikhulumi se-EV yangena emzileni ohamba kancane ngo-2020, njengoba umkhakha wezimoto eChina wawukhiyiwe ikakhulukazi kwikota yokuqala ka-2020. Ngenxa yalokhu, ukulethwa kwezinto zokusetshenziswa futhi izingxenye zezimoto zithathe hit enkulu emhlabeni jikelele. Kodwa-ke, njengoba iChina ivula kancane kancane izimboni zayo, ezinye izikhungo ezinkulu zezimoto zazinqanda ukuhweba nokuhamba kwemingcele njengesilinganiso sokunqanda ukusabalala kwegciwane.
Imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV kulindeleke ukuthi kancane kancane ifinyelele umfutho ngasekugcineni kwekota ka-2020, njengoba isidingo somhlaba wonke sama-EVs sikhula ngokuzinzile kulandela ukukhululeka kwemikhawulo yokukhiya kanye nokuhweba.

Umbono Wabahlaziyi
Imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV yomhlaba kulindeleke ukuthi ikhule ku-CAGR elinganiselwe engu- ~ 3.5% ngesikhathi sesimo sezulu. Ukukhula kwemakethe kuqhutshwa ikakhulu yisidingo esikhulayo sezimoto ezisebenza ngogesi, ukwengeza ukwesekwa kukahulumeni kwezimoto ezisebenza ngogesi, ukuthuthukiswa kobuchwepheshe bezimoto ezisebenza ngogesi, kanye nokuqinisa imithetho nezimiso zokuvikela imvelo. Abadlali beMakethe kufanele bagxile ekwethuleni amapulatifomu ezimoto ezintsha nezingabizi kakhulu ukuthola umkhawulo wokuncintisana nokusungula indawo emakethe.

I-EV Platform Market: Ukubuka konke
Imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV yomhlaba kulindeleke ukuthi ikhule ku-CAGR ka-3.5% ngesikhathi sesimo sezulu. Lokhu ikakhulukazi kungenxa yezinkambiso zokungcolisa ezikhula ngokuqinile zezimoto ezihambisana nokwenyusa ukuxubana nokufakwa kukagesi ezimotweni ukuze kuncishiswe umthelela wamagesi ayingozi okukhipha imvelo emvelweni. Imithethonqubo kahulumeni emelene nezimoto zikadizili nophethiloli iyisizathu esikhulu sokushintsha okuthandwa ngamakhasimende ezimotweni zikagesi futhi kukhulise ukufunwa kwepulatifomu ye-EV ngesikhathi sokubikezela.
Imakethe yama-EVs iyanda ngesivinini esikhulu futhi nokutshalwa kwemali ekuqaleni kakhulu kuphakeme kakhulu emabhasini, njengoba ohulumeni ezifundeni eziningi betshala imali enkulu emadolobheni amakhulu ukuze babhekane nokukhishwa kwekhabhoni okungenzeka kukhulise imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV. Ipulatifomu ye-EV yamabhasi kagesi ifakazela ukufunwa okuphezulu eminothweni eminingi, njengoba ukufakwa kukagesi endaweni yomphakathi kungenzeka kube nomthelela omuhle ekwenzeni ngcono ikhwalithi yomoya.

Abashayeli be-EV Platform Market
Phambilini, izinhlobo ezinkulu bezincamela ukwakha ipulatifomu eyodwa yamamodeli amane amahlanu ukukhawulela ukutshalwa kwemali. Kodwa-ke, ukufunwa okwengeziwe kubathengi bezimoto zezici ezithile zesifunda, isitayela, nokusebenza, kufaka phakathi into ehlukile emotweni kwenze ama-OEMs ukuthi athuthukise ipulatifomu ehlukile yamamodeli ahlukahlukene, okungenzeka ukuthi ithuthukise imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV ngesikhathi sesimo sezulu.
Amafutha wezinsalela aphelile futhi maduzane, izinsalela zikaphethiloli kungenzeka ziphele. Ngokwesilinganiso samanje sokusetshenziswa, kulinganiselwa ukuthi iminyaka engama-46.7 yemithombo kaphethiloli isele emhlabeni wonke, futhi iminyaka engama-49.6 yemithombo yegesi yemvelo isele emhlabeni wonke. Ezinye izindlela zokubasa ezimbiwa phansi ziyatholakala emakethe, kufaka phakathi imoto kagesi, i-CNG, i-LPG, imoto ephehlwa umoya, ne-LNG. Kodwa-ke, izimoto ezisebenza ngogesi ziya ngokwamukelwa, ezisetshenziselwa ukuthutha emadolobheni amakhulu namancane. Lokhu, futhi, kungenzeka kube yisixazululo sokutholakala okuphelele kwemithombo yemvelo. Lokhu kulinganiselwa ukukhulisa imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV.
Abakhiqizi abaningana, abanjengoTesla Inc. kanye noNissan, sethule ama-EVs okusebenza asebenza epulatifomu entsha ye-EV ethule emigwaqeni futhi enikeza ukuhamba okubushelelezi nokungahambi kahle. Izindleko zokugcina eziphansi zama-EVs, ngenxa yokwakhiwa okusha epulatifomu ye-EV kube yinzuzo eyengeziwe, okungenzeka izuzise abathengi esikhathini eside esizayo. Lokhu, futhi, kungenzeka kuhambise imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV.

Izinselelo ze-EV Platform Market
Izindleko zezimoto zikagesi uma ziqhathaniswa nalezo ze-ICE ejwayelekile (injini yomlilo yangaphakathi) ziphakeme kakhulu futhi zithathwa njengezinto ezivimbela kakhulu imoto kagesi kanye nemakethe yesikhulumi se-EV
Izimoto ezinamandla kagesi zidinga iziteshi zokushaja, futhi inethiwekhi yeziteshi ezinjalo ezibekwe ngendlela efanele iyadingeka ukuze abantu bahambe amabanga amade. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukushaja kabusha amabhethri kuvame ukuthatha cishe ihora elilodwa, okungahambisani ndawo nokusebenza kahle kwephethiloli yegesi, evimbela imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV.

Ukuhlukaniswa Kwemakethe Yesikhulumi se-EV
Ngokuya ngengxenye, ingxenye yebhethri kulindeleke ukuthi ilandise ngesabelo esikhulu semakethe yesikhulumi se-EV ngesikhathi sesimo sezulu. Ama-OEM agxila ekukhiqizeni ibhethri ye-EV ethuthukile okulindeleke ukuthi ibe nokukhishwa okuphansi ngezindleko eziphansi kakhulu, okuholela ekutshalweni okuningi ku-R & D engxenyeni yebhethri futhi ekugcineni kwesikhulumi se-EV.
Ngokuya ngohlobo lwemoto kagesi, ingxenye yemoto kagesi yebhethri iyanda ngesivinini esisheshayo semakethe yesikhulumi se-EV. Iningi lama-OEM ligxile ekwakhiweni kwezimoto zikagesi zebhethri kuzingxenyekazi ze-EV ezisanda kuthuthukiswa kunezimoto zikagesi ezi-hybrid, njengoba isidingo sama-BEV singaphezu kwalesi se-HEVs. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukutshalwa kwezimali okukhulu kakhulu nobuchwepheshe kuyadingeka ukuthuthukisa i-HEV uma kuqhathaniswa naleyo ye-BEV, njengoba i-BEV ingafaki i-ICE kwipulatifomu ye-EV ngakho-ke kulula ukuyakha.
Ngokuya ngohlobo lwemoto, ingxenye yezimoto ezisetshenziswayo yaba nesabelo esikhulu semakethe yesikhulumi se-EV yomhlaba. Abathengi eChina bathanda ama-compact sedans; kodwa-ke, ukufika kwamaSUV amasha futhi akhanga kakhulu kudlulise ukufunwa kwezimoto ezisetshenziswayo. Kukhona ukwehla kokuthengiswa kwama-sedans. Azisizi njengama-hatchbacks noma avulekile kakhulu njengama-SUV nabathengi e-Asia nase-US bakhetha zombili izimoto ezivulekile nezisebenzisekayo. Ukwehliswa kwesidingo sezinto ezibuyela emuva kulo lonke elaseYurophu naseLatin America kungenxa yokwanda kosayizi wemoto encane. Uma ikhudlwana i-hatchback iba nkulu, ayisebenzi futhi ingalawuleki kalula.

Imakethe Yesikhulumi se-EV: Ukuhlaziywa Kwesifunda
Ngokuya ngesifunda, imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV yomhlaba ihlukaniswe yaya eNyakatho Melika, eYurophu, eMpumalanga Asia, eSouth APAC, eLatin America, naseMpumalanga Ephakathi nase-Afrika
Ukukhuphuka okungaguquguquki kokungena kwama-EVs ngejubane elibonakalayo emazweni amaningi aseMpumalanga Asia naseYurophu kuyisici esivelele esishayela imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV yomhlaba, njengoba utshalomali ku-R & D kula mazwe lukhula. IYurophu ibona ukwanda okunamandla kokungena kwama-EVs. Ngemuva kwalokho, isidingo sama-EVs kulindeleke ukuthi sikhule ngesikhathi sesibikezelo, okungenzeka ukuthi sikhulise imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV.
Imakethe yesikhulumi se-East Asia EV kulindeleke ukuthi ikhule kakhulu, ilandelwe yiYurophu neNyakatho Melika. Imboni yezimoto emazweni, kufaka phakathi iChina, iJapan, neSouth Korea ithambekele kubuchwepheshe, emisha, nasekuthuthukiseni ama-EV athuthukile. Ukwakhiwa kweziteshi zokushaja ezisezingeni eliphakeme futhi ezisheshayo kulindelwe ukuhambisa imakethe yesikhulumi se-EV ne-EV. I-BYD, i-BAIC, i-Chery, ne-SAIC abadlali ababalulekile abasebenza emakethe ye-East Asia EV, okubandakanya isabelo esiphezulu semakethe yesikhulumi se-EV.

Imakethe Yesikhulumi se-EV: Indawo Yokuncintisana
Abadlali abakhulu abasebenza emakethe yesikhulumi se-EV yomhlaba bafaka
Inkampani ye-Alcraft Motor
I-Baic Motor
BMW
BYD
UByton
I-Canoo
UChery
UDaimler
Ikusasa leFaraday
I-Fisker
Ford
IGeely
IGeneral Motors
IHonda
IHyundai
I-JAC
IKia Motors
INissan Motor
Vula ama-Motors
REE Okuzenzakalelayo
Rivian
ISaic Motor
IToyota
IVolkswagen
IVolvo
Ama-XAOS Motors
UZotye
Amanye ama-OEM akhetha ukukhiqiza i-BEV noma i-PHEV kwipulatifomu ye-ICE eguquliwe ukukhawulela ukutshalwa kwezimali okuyinhloko futhi banesibopho sokukhiqiza okuguquguqukayo. Ukwakhiwa okwenziwe ngokweqile kwezimoto ze-ICE kubhekene nezinselelo ekufakweni kwebhethri. Isibonelo, i-VW Group ihlose ukwakha ama-EV wabo bonke osayizi isebenzisa izingxenye eziningana ezifanayo ukuze ikwazi ukwenza ama-e-modeli ayo abe yinzuzo. Inkampani ihlose ukwakha izimoto ze-MEB ezindaweni eziyisishiyagalombili, emhlabeni jikelele, ngo-2022. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ibikezela ukuthi izodayisa izimoto eziyizigidi eziyi-15 emsamo we-EV kule minyaka eyishumi ezayo.

I-E-Rickshaw iyimoto kagesi, enamasondo amathathu esetshenziselwa izinhloso zokuhweba ukuhambisa abagibeli nezimpahla. I-E-rickshaw yaziwa nangokuthi i-tuk-tuk kagesi no-toto. Isebenzisa ibhethri, i-traction motor, ne-powertrain kagesi ukuze ihambise imoto.
Oorisho bayindlela evelele yokuthutha abagibeli bezentengiselwano, ikakhulukazi kulo lonke elaseNdiya, eChina, e-ASEAN nakwamanye amazwe amaningi ase-Afrika. Izindleko zokuhamba eziphansi, izindleko eziphansi zorisho, nokuhamba kwazo emigwaqweni eminyene yasemadolobheni ezinye zezinzuzo zorisho, eziqhuba ukufunwa kwazo emhlabeni wonke. Ngaphezu kwalokho, izinkambiso eziqinile zokukhipha intengo, ukukhuphuka kwamanani kaphethiloli, izikhuthazo ngama-e-rickshaws, kanye nohla olukhuphukile lwama-e-rickshaws kugudlulela izintandokazi zabathengi kuma-e-rickshaws. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukuvinjelwa okulindelekile kwezimoto ezinophethiloli kungenzeka kuthuthukise ukufunwa kwama-e-rickshaws.
Imakethe yomhlaba wonke ye-e-rickshaw ivinjelwe kakhulu yingqalasizinda yokushaja engathuthukile emazweni amaningi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukuntuleka kwemithetho nakho kubamba imakethe yomhlaba ye-e-rickshaw.
Imakethe yomhlaba ka-e-rickshaw ingahlukaniswa ngokuya ngohlobo lukarisho, umthamo webhethri, isilinganiso samandla, izingxenye, uhlelo lokusebenza nesifunda. Ngokuya ngohlobo lukarisho, imakethe yomhlaba ye-e-rickshaw ingahlukaniswa ngezigaba ezimbili. Uma ucabanga ngesidingo esiphansi sokusebenza kahle, izinga lokwamukelwa kohlobo oluvulekile lwe-e-rickshaws luyakhula phakathi kwabathengi.
Ngokuya ngomthamo webhethri, imakethe ye-e-rickshaw yomhlaba wonke ingahlukaniswa ibe izingxenye ezimbili. Ukuphakamisa umthamo webhethri, kukhulisa ibanga le-e-rickshaw; yingakho abanikazi bekhetha amandla e-rickshaw aphezulu. Kodwa-ke, ngamabhethri wamandla aphezulu, isisindo siyakhula ngokulingana. Ngokwesilinganiso samandla, imakethe yomhlaba ye-e-rickshaw ingahlukaniswa ngezigaba ezintathu. Isidingo sama-e-rickshaws anamandla emoto phakathi kuka-1000 no-1500 Watt siyakhuphuka, okubhekiswe ikakhulu ekusebenzeni kwabo kwezindleko okuhambisana nokulethwa okukhulu kwe-torque.
Ngokuya ngezinto, imakethe ye-e-rickshaw yomhlaba wonke ingahlukaniswa ngezigaba ezinhlanu. Ibhethri liyingxenye ebalulekile futhi ebizayo ye-e-rickshaw. Amabhethri adinga ukulungiswa njalo futhi adinga ukushintshwa ngemuva kwesikhathi esithile, ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukusebenza kahle kwemoto. I-Chassis ingenye into ebalulekile ye-e-rickshaw ngakho-ke, iba nesabelo esikhulu semakethe, ngokwemali engenayo. Ngokuya ngesicelo, imakethe ye-e-rickshaw yomhlaba wonke ingahlukaniswa ekuthuthweni kwabagibeli nasekuthuthweni kwempahla. Ingxenye yokuthuthwa kwabagibeli ibiphethe isabelo esivelele emakethe, ngokwemali engenayo, ngonyaka we-2020, okukhonjelwe ekusetshenzisweni okwandayo koorisho ekushintsheni kwabagibeli. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukufakwa kwama-e-rickshaws yizinkampani zokuhamba ezidingeka kakhulu kungahle kuhambise ingxenye yokuhamba kwabagibeli emakethe.
Ngokwesifunda, imakethe ye-e-rickshaw yomhlaba wonke ingahlukaniswa ngezifunda ezinhlanu ezivelele. I-Asia Pacific ibe nesabelo esikhulu semakethe, ngokwemali engenayo, ngonyaka we-2020, okubhekiswe ikakhulu kwisidingo esikhuphukayo esivela kubathengi, izikhuthazo zikahulumeni kanye nezinqubomgomo ezisekelayo, ukuvinjelwa kwama-rickshaw anamandla kagesi, nokwenyuka kwamanani kaphethiloli. Ngaphezu kwalokho, orisho bayindlela yokuhamba evelele ezindaweni zasemadolobheni zamazwe amaningana e-Asia, njengeChina neNdiya. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ukuba khona kwabakhiqizi be-e-rickshaw abahola phambili emhlabeni kungomunye umshayeli ovelele wemakethe ye-e-rickshaw e-Asia Pacific.
Abadlali abakhulu abasebenza emakethe ye-e-rickshaw yomhlaba yiMahindra Electric Mobility Limited, MICROTEK, Nezonegroup, Arna Electric Auto Private Limited, GREEN VALLEY MOTORS, GEM E Rickshaw, SuperEco, Bajaj Auto Limited, Xianghe Qiangsheng Electric Tricycle Factory, Hitek Electric Auto Co ., YUVA E RICKSHAW, JS AUTO (P) LTD., Kanye nePace Agro Pvt. Ltd.
Umbiko unikeza ukuhlolwa okuphelele kwemakethe. Ikwenza lokho ngokuqonda okujulile kwekhwalithi, idatha yomlando, nokuqagela okuqinisekisiwe ngosayizi wemakethe. Ukuqagela okuvezwe kulo mbiko kuthathwe kusetshenziswa izindlela zokucwaninga ezifakazelwe. Ngokwenza njalo, umbiko wocwaningo usebenza njengendawo yokugcina imininingwane kanye nolwazi lwayo yonke imikhakha yemakethe, kufaka phakathi kepha kungagcini kulokhu: Izimakethe zesifunda, ubuchwepheshe, izinhlobo nezinhlelo zokusebenza.
Ucwaningo luwumthombo wemininingwane ethembekile ku:
 Izingxenye zezimakethe nezingxenyana ezingaphansi
Amathrendi ezimakethe namandla
 Sekela futhi ufune
 Usayizi weMakethe
 Amathrendi / amathuba / izinselelo zamanje
 Ukuncintisana komhlaba
Intuthuko yezobuchwepheshe
 Ukuhlaziywa kochungechunge lwenani nokuhlaziywa kwababambiqhaza
Ukuhlaziywa kwesifunda kuhlanganisa:
 ENyakatho Melika (e-US naseCanada)
I-Latin America (Mexico, Brazil, Peru, Chile, nabanye)
 Intshonalanga Yurophu (iJalimane, i-UK, iFrance, iSpain, i-Italy, amazwe aseNordic, iBelgium, iNetherlands neLuxembourg)
 EMpumalanga Yurophu (ePoland naseRussia)
 I-Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, ASEAN, Australia neNew Zealand)
 EMiddle East nase-Afrika (GCC, Southern Africa, naseNyakatho Afrika)
Lo mbiko uhlanganiswe ngocwaningo olubanzi oluyisisekelo (ngezingxoxo, ucwaningo, kanye nokubhekwa kwabahlaziyi abanolwazi) kanye nocwaningo lwesibili (okubandakanya imithombo ehlonishwayo ekhokhelwayo, amajenali ezentengiselwano, kanye nemininingwane yolwazi yezimboni). Umbiko uphinde uveze ukuhlolwa okuphelele kobungako nobuningi ngokuhlaziya imininingwane eqoqwe kubahlaziyi bemboni kanye nabahlanganyeli bezimakethe kuwo wonke amaphuzu abalulekile kuhla lwamanani embonini.
Ukuhlaziywa okwehlukile kwamathrendi akhona emakethe yabazali, izinkomba ezinkulu nezincane zomnotho, kanye nemithethonqubo kanye nemiyalo kufakiwe ngaphansi kocwaningo. Ngokwenza njalo, lo mbiko uheha ukuheha kwengxenye ngayinye enkulu esikhathini sesimo sezulu.
Amaphuzu avelele ombiko:
 Ukuhlaziywa okuphelele kokwasemuva, okubandakanya ukuhlolwa kwemakethe yabazali
Izinguquko ezibalulekile ekuguqukeni kwemakethe
 Ukuhlukaniswa kwemakethe kuze kufike ezingeni lesibili noma lesithathu
 Usayizi womlando, wamanje, novezwayo wemakethe ngokombono wenani nevolumu
 Ukubika nokuhlola intuthuko embonini yakamuva
 Amasheya ezimakethe namasu wabadlali ababalulekile
 Kwakhiwa izingxenye ze-niche nezimakethe zesifunda
 Ukuhlolwa okuyinjongo yomkhondo wemakethe
 Izincomo ezinkampanini zokuqinisa indawo yazo emakethe   
Qaphela: Yize ukunakekelwa kuthathiwe ukugcina amazinga aphezulu okunemba emibikweni ye-TMR, izinguquko zakamuva zemakethe / eziqondene nomthengisi zingathatha isikhathi ukubonakalisa ekuhlaziyweni.
Lolu cwaningo olwenziwe yi-TMR luhlanganisa konke uhlaka lwamandla emakethe. Iqukethe ukuhlolwa okubucayi kohambo lwabathengi noma lwamakhasimende, izindlela zamanje nezisavelayo, nohlaka lwamasu okwenza ama-CXO akwazi ukuthatha izinqumo ezisebenzayo.
Isisekelo sethu esiyinhloko i-4-Quadrant Framework EIRS enikeza ukubonwa okuningiliziwe kwezinto ezine:
 Amamephu Okuhlangenwe Nekhasimende
 Imininingwane namathuluzi asuselwa ocwaningweni oluqhutshwa yidatha
Imiphumela etholakalayo ukuhlangabezana nakho konke okubekwe eqhulwini kwebhizinisi
 Izinhlaka Zamasu zokuthuthukisa uhambo lokukhula
Ucwaningo luzama ukuhlola amathemba okukhula kwamanje nawesikhathi esizayo, izindlela ezingasetshenziswanga, izinto ezibumba amandla abo emali engenayo, kanye namaphethini okufuna nokusetshenziswa emakethe yomhlaba wonke ngokukuhlukanisa kube ukuhlolwa kokuhlakanipha kwesifunda.
Lezi zingxenye zesifunda ezilandelayo zihlanganiswe ngokuphelele:
 ENyakatho Melika
 I-Asia Pacific
EYurophu
I-Latin America
 EMiddle East nase-Afrika
Uhlaka lwe-EIRS quadrant kulo mbiko lufingqa ububanzi bethu bocwaningo oluqhutshwa yidatha nokweluleka kwama-CXO ukuze abasize benze izinqumo ezingcono kumabhizinisi abo futhi bahlale njengabaholi.
Ngezansi kunesifinyezo salawa ma-quadrants.
1. Imephu Yesipiliyoni Samakhasimende
Ucwaningo lunikeza ukuhlolwa okujulile kohambo lwamakhasimende ahlukahlukene oluphathelene nemakethe nezigaba zalo. Inikeza okuvelayo kwamakhasimende okuhlukahlukene ngemikhiqizo nokusetshenziswa kwensizakalo. Ukuhlaziywa kubhekisisa amaphuzu abo obuhlungu nokwesaba kuwo wonke amaphuzu okuthinta amakhasimende ahlukahlukene. Izixazululo zokubonisana nezobunhloli bebhizinisi zizosiza ababambiqhaza abanentshisekelo, kufaka phakathi ama-CXOs, ukuchaza amamephu wesipiliyoni samakhasimende ahambelana nezidingo zabo. Lokhu kuzobasiza ukuthi bahlose ukukhulisa ukuzibandakanya kwamakhasimende nemikhiqizo yabo.
2.Imininingwane namathuluzi
Imininingwane ehlukahlukene ocwaningweni isuselwa kumijikelezo enabile yocwaningo oluyinhloko nolwesibili abahlaziyi abahlanganyela nalo ngenkathi kwenziwa ucwaningo. Abahlaziyi nabeluleki bochwepheshe kwa-TMR basebenzisa amathuluzi wokuqonda wamakhasimende abanzi emikhakheni eminingi kanye nezindlela zokuqagela ezimakethe ukuze bathole imiphumela, ebenza bathembeke. Ucwaningo alugcini ngokunikeza ukulinganisela nokuqagela, kepha futhi nokuhlolwa okungagcwalisiwe kwalezi zibalo kumandla emakethe. Le mininingwane ihlanganisa uhlaka locwaningo oluqhutshwa yidatha nokubonisana kwekhwalithi yabaninimabhizinisi, ama-CXO, abenzi benqubomgomo kanye nabatshalizimali. Imininingwane izosiza namakhasimende abo ukunqoba ukwesaba kwabo.
3. Imiphumela Ebonakalayo
Okutholakele okwethulwe kulolu cwaningo yi-TMR kuyisiqondiso esisemqoka sokuhlangabezana nazo zonke izinto eziseqhulwini zebhizinisi, kufaka phakathi lezo ezibaluleke kakhulu kumishini. Imiphumela lapho isetshenziswa ikhombise izinzuzo ezibonakalayo kubabambiqhaza bebhizinisi nezinhlangano zezimboni ukukhulisa ukusebenza kwazo. Imiphumela yenzelwe ukulingana uhlaka lwamasu ngamunye. Ucwaningo luphinde lukhombise ezinye zezifundo zakamuva zokuxazulula izinkinga ezahlukahlukene yizinkampani ababhekane nazo ohambweni lwabo lokuhlanganiswa.
4. Izinhlaka Zamasu
Ucwaningo luhlomisa amabhizinisi nanoma ngubani onentshisekelo emakethe ukuthi ahlele izinhlaka ezibanzi zamasu. Lokhu kubaluleke kakhulu kunakuqala, uma kubhekwa ukungaqiniseki kwamanje ngenxa ye-COVID-19. Ucwaningo lubheka ukubonisana ukuze kunqotshwe ukuphazamiseka okunhlobonhlobo okwedlule futhi lubone okusha ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukulungela. Izinhlaka zisiza amabhizinisi ukuhlela ukuhlela kwawo amasu ukuze alulame kulezi zindlela eziphazamisayo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, abahlaziyi bakwaTMR bakusiza ukuthi wehlise lesi simo esiyinkimbinkimbi futhi ulethe ukuqina ezikhathini ezingaqinisekile.
Lo mbiko usikhanyisela ngezici ezahlukahlukene futhi uphendula imibuzo efanele emakethe. Ezinye zezinto ezibalulekile yilezi:
1. Yikuphi okungaba ukukhetha okuhle kakhulu kokutshala imali kokungena kumugqa omusha womkhiqizo nezinsizakalo?
2. Yiziphi iziphakamiso zenani elikhulu amabhizinisi okufanele ahlose kuzo ngenkathi enza imali entsha yocwaningo nentuthuko?
3. Yimiphi imithethonqubo ezosiza kakhulu kubabambiqhaza ukukhulisa inethiwekhi yabo yokuthengwa kwempahla?
4. Yiziphi izifunda ezingabona isidingo sikhula ezigabeni ezithile kungekudala?
5. Yimaphi amanye amasu wokwenza ngcono izindleko nabathengisi abanye abadlali abazinze kahle abaphumelele ngawo?
6. Yimiphi imibono esemqoka i-C-suite eyisebenzisayo ukuhambisa amabhizinisi kumzila omusha wokukhula?
7. Yimiphi imithethonqubo kahulumeni engabekela inselelo isimo sezimakethe ezibalulekile zezifunda?
8. Isimo esivelayo sezepolitiki nezomnotho sizowathinta kanjani amathuba ezindaweni ezisemqoka zokukhula?
9. Yimaphi amanye amathuba wokubamba inani ezigabeni ezahlukahlukene?
10. Yini ezoba yisithiyo ekungeneni kwabadlali abasha emakethe?
Ngokuhlangenwe nakho okunamandla ekwakheni imibiko yezimakethe ezehlukile, Ucwaningo lweTransparency Market seluvele njengenye yezinkampani ezethembekile zocwaningo lwemakethe phakathi kwenani elikhulu lababambiqhaza nama-CXO. Yonke imibiko yocwaningo lweTransparency Market ihamba ngomsebenzi onzima wokucwaninga kuzo zonke izici. Abaphenyi bakwaTMR babhekisisa emakethe futhi bakhipha amaphuzu okuzuzisa okukhulisa. La maphuzu asiza ababambe iqhaza ukuhlela amasu abo ebhizinisi ngokufanele.
Abaphenyi be-TMR benza ucwaningo oluphelele nolusezingeni eliphezulu. Lolu cwaningo lubandakanya ukuthatha okokufaka kochwepheshe emakethe, kugxilwe kakhulu entuthukweni yakamuva, nakwabanye. Le ndlela yocwaningo yenza i-TMR ivelele kwamanye amafemu okucwaninga ezimakethe.
Nakhu ukuthi iTransparency Market Market isiza kanjani ababambiqhaza nama-CXO ngemibiko:
Ukugxiliswa kanye Nokuhlolwa Kokubambisana Kwamasu: Abaphenyi be-TMR bahlaziya imisebenzi yamanje yamasu njengokuhlanganiswa, ukuthengwa, ukubambisana, ukusebenzisana kanye nokuhlanganyela. Yonke imininingwane ihlanganisiwe yafakwa embikweni.
Ukulinganiswa Kosayizi Ophelele Wemakethe: Umbiko uhlaziya inani labantu, amandla okukhula, kanye namandla emakethe ngesikhathi sesibikezelo. Lokhu kuholela ekulinganisweni kosayizi wemakethe futhi kunikeze nohlaka lokuthi imakethe izokuthola kanjani ukukhula ngesikhathi sokuhlola.
Ucwaningo Lwezotshalomali: Umbiko ugxile emathubeni okutshalwa kwezimali aqhubekayo nalazayo emakethe ethile. Lokhu kwentuthuko kwenza ababambiqhaza bazi ngesimo samanje sokutshalwa kwemali emakethe yonke.
Qaphela: Yize ukunakekelwa kuthathiwe ukugcina amazinga aphezulu okunemba emibikweni ye-TMR, izinguquko zakamuva zemakethe / eziqondene nomthengisi zingathatha isikhathi ukubonakalisa ekuhlaziyweni.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Mar-12-2021